A common question is, what are opioids? In short, opioids are a class of drugs that include prescription drugs such as oxycodone, Vicodin, codeine and morphine, as well as non-prescription drugs such as heroin. Opioids are often for pain relief. Addiction to opioids can be especially difficult to treat and requires specialized treatment such as the heroin addiction center Caseyville IL trusts.
What are Opioids?
The question “What are Opioids” comes up quite frequently, because the street drugs such as heroin and prescription drugs like Vicodin are often not associated together. All opioids work on a similar principle. Opioid receptors are widely distributed in the brain. When bound, receptors reduce the release of neurotransmitters such as glutamate and substance P, 2 neurotransmitters involved in the sensation of pain.
Are These Drugs Addictive?
In addition to reducing the sensation of pain, the drugs also trigger the release of endorphins. Endorphins not only reduce the sensation of pain, but they also increase the feeling of pleasure.
Over time, the body stops producing as many endorphins. As a result, it takes more drugs to achieve the same pleasurable sensation. The combination of the physical and mental need for the euphoric feeling, combined with increasing tolerance is what leads to addiction.
In addition to the question “what are Opioids?” another important question is “what are my risk factors?” The risk factors for addiction include:
- Method of intake – Crushing and snorting Opioid tablets or injecting opioids are the most addictive form
- Length of time – The odds of addiction increase if you are on opioids for more than 5 days
- Several additional factors also play a role, including poverty, genetics, family history, and youth
The signs of opioid addiction include:
- Lethargy or conversely, overly excited, talking fast
- Avoiding social interaction with friends and family
- Quickly changing moods
- Losing interest in simple tasks such as bathing or brushing teeth
- Sleeping at odd hours
- Poor performance at school or work
individuals often abuse opioids with alcohol and benzodiazepines, a combination which can be deadly.
Symptoms of an overdose are more dramatic and require immediate treatment:
- Slow shallow breathing
- Extreme lethargy, sleepiness
- Inability to speak
- Blue skin or lips
If you see these symptoms, keep the person awake and call 911 immediately.
Drug Addiction Treatment at Gateway Foundation Caseyville
The most important question beyond “what are opioids?” is “how can I treat my addiction?”. The treatment of addiction requires both a medical and a psychological approach.
If the patient has overdosed on the drug, naloxone is often given to rapidly reverse the effects of an overdose. To treat withdrawal symptoms, medications such as Buprenorphine and methadone are given. In addition, a patient will also receive psychological treatment using techniques such as CBT or ACT, to help resolve the underlying issues leading to addiction.
If you’re ready to answer the question of what are opioids and get on the rate path. Then join us. Gateway Foundation Caseyville has over 50 years of experience helping others overcome drug, alcohol and other addictions. If you are ready to end the nightmare of opioid addiction, please contact Gateway Foundation Caseyville today at [Direct].